Half of the women who menstruate suffer menstrual discomfort (dysmenorrhea) for between one and two days per month. While period pain could be a sign of pain, headaches, and general discomfort, it is usually caused by menstrual cramps.
Menstrual cramps can occur as your uterus expands to remove the uterine lining. It can result in discomfort in your stomach and lower back, as well as your lower thighs or groin. We previously discussed the best time to consult a physician for menstrual cramps. We will discuss the causes of discomfort during your period and suggest 13 remedies you can attempt to prevent it at home.
What is the cause of pain during menstruation?
If you’re suffering from painful and frequent menstrual cramps, It’s only natural for you to ask yourself why. Perhaps you’re the only female in your loved ones that suffers from extreme cramps. Maybe your painful period started in your twenties. No matter what, doctors can assist you in understanding why you suffer from painful cramps each month. The most frequent reasons for painful menstrual cramps are:PMS
Also known as a premenstrual disorder, PMS affects 90 percent of menstruating women. PMS usually begins just a few days before your period starts and continues until the first day or two of menstrual flow. Doctors believe PMS is caused by progesterone and estrogen levels dropping before the start of each cycle. PMS can cause symptoms such as anxiety, fatigue, or menstrual cramps.
The premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a severe form of PMS which affects around five percent of women who menstruate. The doctors aren’t sure what triggers PMDD. Still, women who suffer from excessive stress levels or depression or have a history of depression have a greater possibility of struggling with the condition. The symptoms associated with PMDD have a similar appearance to PMS but are more severe, with painless cramps.
These benign growths can form in the lining of your uterus. They may be so tiny that they are difficult to spot by the naked eye or large enough to alter the shape of the uterus. They are most common during pregnancy and tend to diminish or disappear entirely after menopausal onset.
Doctors don’t know who’ll develop uterine fibroids. However, certain conditions can increase the risk. They include being older, African American ancestry, having a family history of fibroids, and being overweight.
Because fibroids develop within the uterine lining, they can trigger heavy menstrual flow and painful cramps during menstrual cycles.
A cyst is typically a benign sac of fluid that develops on or within the body. Ovarian cysts are formed in the ovaries and generally are when ovulating. A majority of women experience at the very least one small cyst per month that gradually fades. Some women, however, have several or larger Ovarian cysts that can trigger problems or pain. In these instances, medical intervention might be necessary to control the cysts. Ovarian cysts may be caused by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a condition where an imbalance in hormones causes numerous small, harmless cysts to form within the Ovaries. It can lead to painful menstrual cycles, difficulty being pregnant or conceiving, insulin resistance, and various health issues. PCOS symptoms are irregularly scheduled periods and hair loss on the body and face and body, weight gain, difficulties in losing weight, and thinning hairs on your head. Doctors can prescribe treatments that can help treat PCOS symptoms.
The condition of the pelvic is inflammatory.
If the ovaries and the uterus get infected, it’s known as pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID). The condition usually develops with the emergence of an infection transmitted sexually (STI) transported into the reproductive organs. PID can also happen after an operation. While most women don’t experience symptoms of PID however, for some, it may cause painful cramps.
The uterine lining is called the endometrium, is found within the uterus. If you suffer from an endometriosis condition, the endometrium grows outside the uterus, most often in other areas in your reproductive organs such as the fallopian tubes or ovaries. If your body is trying to shed the uterine tissues when you have your periods, your endometrium that grows outside of the uterus cannot go. It may become trapped within the body. It can trigger pain-inducing cramps, heavy bleeding, irritation, and inflammation. Fortunately, most cases of endometriosis are easily treated with medications and surgical procedures.
It is a condition that can be treated that causes the endometrium to grow into the muscle wall in the uterus. The endometrium could cause problems to the entire uterus muscles; however, it is usually a problem in only one region. Adenomyosis is an uninvolved condition; however, it can trigger extreme cramps. Doctors don’t know precisely what causes adenomyosis. However, women who have been pregnant or had the procedure of removing their uterus have a higher chance of being affected.
How can I stop the cramps that cause menstrual cramps?
Constantly experiencing cramps can be just as stressful as it can be difficult. Several solutions can aid in relieving cramps during your period. It’s important to note that these strategies may not always be practical, particularly for chronic ailments, but they could provide relief for moderate to mild period pain.
1. Drink more water
Bloating can create discomfort and can make menstrual cramps more painful. Drinking water can help reduce menstrual bloating and ease some of the pain it can cause. Drinking hot water can boost blood flow throughout the body and relax your muscles. This will lessen the cramps caused by the contractions of your uterus.
2. Get your herbal tea
Herbal teas contain anti-inflammatory properties and antispasmodic substances that help reduce muscle spasms in the uterus, which create cramps. Consuming chamomile, fennel, or ginger tea is a natural and straightforward method to ease menstrual cramps. Additionally, herbal teas may offer other benefits, such as alleviating stress and aiding in treating insomnia.
3. Eat anti-inflammatory foods
Certain foods provide effective relief from cramps and also taste delicious. Anti-inflammatory food items can improve blood flow and help relax your urinary tract. Consider eating tomatoes, berries, pineapples, and other spices such as garlic, ginger, turmeric or. Green leafy vegetables, almonds, walnuts, and fatty fish such as salmon can reduce inflammation.
4. Do not eat those sweets
Although a brownie or french fries may look delicious, meals packed with trans fats, sugar, and salt can trigger swelling and bloating, making cramps and muscle pain more severe. Here is another banana or another bit of fruit to combat cravings for sugar, or opt for nuts that aren’t salted if you are looking for something more delicious and savory.
5. Make sure to grab a decaf
Caffeine can cause your blood vessels to shrink. This may cause your uterus to shrink and cause cramps to become more painful. If you require a coffee fix, try decaf when you have your period. If you depend on caffeine to combat your afternoon slump, grab snacks that are high in protein or go for a short 10 minutes of exercise to boost your energy.
6. Take a look at supplements for your diet.
Vitamin D can aid in helping the body in absorbing calcium and lessen inflammation. Other supplements, such as omega-3, Vitamin E, magnesium, and omega-3, can decrease inflammation and may make your period less painful. To discover the best results, it is advised to consume supplements throughout all day, not just when you have your periods. Additionally, since certain supplements interact with prescription medications, Be sure to consult your doctor before you start taking any new supplements.
7. Apply the heat
A bit of warmth can relax your muscles and increase blood flow to ease tension. Consider sitting on an electric heating pad, having bathed in a warm shower, or relaxing in a warm bath.
If you’re hurting, exercising may be the first thing you think of. However, even moderate exercise can release endorphins which make you feel good, decrease pain and ease your muscles. Fifteen minutes of yoga and light stretching may be enough to be more relaxed.
9. Reduce stress
The stress of life can cause cramps to become worse. Try stress-relief techniques such as meditation, deep breathing yoga, or whatever you consider your favorite method to ease stress. If you’re not sure how to manage stress, consider guided visualization. Close your eyes, then take a deep breath and visualize a peaceful and safe space important to you. Keep your eyes on the area for at most several minutes as you take deep, slow breaths.
10. Try massage therapy
One study revealed that massage therapy could reduce menstrual pain for endometriosis women. Massages can help reduce spasms in the uterus through relaxation of the uterus. Massage therapy should concentrate on the abdomen area to best control cramps during menstrual cycles. However, a full body massage that eases your general stress can also relieve menstrual cramps.
11. Opt for over-the-counter (OTC) medications.
The hormone prostaglandin may cause muscles to contract and cause discomfort. Anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen offer quick relief by reducing levels of prostaglandins present in your body. To get the best results, use OTC medications when you begin feeling cramps.
12. Explore alternative treatments
Many people experience relief using alternative treatments such as acupuncture and the practice of acupressure. Acupuncture is a method of treatment that stimulates the body by putting needles into the skin. Acupressure is a method of producing the body without hands by applying pressure on specific points on the body. These exercises will help you relax muscles, ease tension, and boost circulation across your entire body.
13. Begin hormonal birth control
Birth control can reduce bleeding during the period due to a hormonal imbalance. Balanced levels of progesterone and estrogen can help reduce the uterus lining so that it can be shed more easily. The hormone birth control system also regulates the duration and frequency of your menstrual cycle. Certain forms of birth control can alleviate cramps during your period by preventing your period altogether. Discuss with your OB-GYN regarding birth control options such as the birth control pill, as well as hormonal IUD. After that, you’ll be able to choose the method of birth control that is most effective for your needs.
If you’ve tried every one of the methods listed on this list but you still have painful periods, or you’d like to know in advance what option(s) are the most effective for you, speak to your primary physician or an OB-GYN. In HealthPartners, along with Park Nicollet, our women’s health experts can recommend more potent remedies to help menstrual cramps. The help of an expert may be the best solution to avoid dreading your period.